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Puzzles!! Inductive reasoning

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Romm3l   Germany. Sep 13 2014 06:27. Posts 285
This is the kind of thing I figure many of you smart people here get a kick out of. It's an inductive reasoning test, where you have to figure out the "rules" governing a sequence or collection of abstract images based on the evidence, then use your induced rules to predict what the next one in the sequence / right one fitting in the indicated position should be.

I'm hopeless at it and would love for you guys to try it out and explain how you arrive at your answers. You can try a full test at http://www.shldirect.com/en/practice-tests/ - but since you have to make an account and I know not everyone is going to bother with that, I'm attaching some of the tougher ones from the site here for you to have a crack at:











1.


2.


3.


4.


5.


6.


7.


8.


9.


10.


11.


12.


13.

(ignore the fact I've highlighted an ánswer in this picture, this was a random click and doesn't mean anything)





Cheers~

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Stroggoz   New Zealand. Sep 13 2014 09:11. Posts 4886

im guessing for the six sided star, we can pretty quickly see that the same shapes appear within a triangle when they hop over another triangle. For example black triangles hop over the black circle triangle, then you get the black triangles again. If you add all of the shapes together they all add to 6. so black triangles at the top is 4. and black triangles near the bottom = 2.. It's the same for all the others. So im hoping answer is b) the two white cricles.

For the last question the arrows point in very specific places. There has to be a reason for this. It's possible that arrows direction represents a clocks time based on the number of sides on each shape. But that doesn't explain why there are differing numbers of black/grey circles on each shape.

The third question is similar. Grey arrows match up with n-sides on the shape when representing time. a triangle has 3 sides, so the grey arrow will be 3 o clock. a square will be 4 o clock. ect

supposed to have greenstar not braceletLast edit: 13/09/2014 09:44

gos   . Sep 13 2014 09:23. Posts 95

1.- B
2.- D(edited) xD
3.- B
4.- E
5.- -
6.- D
8.- B
11. C
12. A
13. -

 Last edit: 13/09/2014 11:33

drone666   Brasil. Sep 13 2014 11:07. Posts 1796

1- should be D?
dont know why the guy above its B

Dont listen to anything I say 

Almebeast   Sweden. Sep 13 2014 11:18. Posts 797

Agree that 1. is D.

After all is said and done, more is said than done. 

gos   . Sep 13 2014 12:08. Posts 95


  On September 13 2014 10:07 drone666 wrote:
1- should be D?
dont know why the guy above its B


well we have 5 figures, and each appears 5 times except hearth and triangle, and we can asume its B or C, then we see, if i pick B we have the 2 and 3 lines with a repeat figure(star in 2 and hearth in 3), if we pick C we have 2 and 4 lines with a repeat figure(stars in 2 and hearth in 4), we can chose C and says figure just can repeat in pair lines. First i chosse B because hearth never apears next to another hearth, and if we chosse 3 this can be a new rule. well afther this write i think its C. srry bad english xD

 Last edit: 13/09/2014 12:08

gawdawaful   Canada. Sep 13 2014 13:15. Posts 8985

1 I went with D, each shape appears once horizontally.
Same with 9, also D, each shape appears once horizontally. I did the whole thing and got rocked though, got 8/18...

Im only good at poker when I run good 

Daut    United States. Sep 13 2014 13:40. Posts 8950

not looking at other responses before posting because i dont want to be influenced in any way. part of what makes these problems fun is that our brains see patterns in everything, so will be interesting to see what rules other people came up with.

1: d.
each row has 5 different elements. so cant contain a heart, star, or square. must be d.

2: a
every column has 2 squares. so first column must be a square, limiting to a or d. every column also has each other shape once, so 2nd column is circle, 3rd triangle, 4th hex.

3: d
this one was a guess. i suspect the shape is dark because the first arrow comes in from the bottom. and id guess its not a parallelogram cause all other shapes have equal angles, so i choose the pentagon.

4: e
the 1 dot pictures all had 2 white, 2 gray, 1 black. the 2 dot picture has 2 gray 2 black 1 white, so this should be the same. im not even looking at patterns cause decoding that shit seems harder and unnecessary.

5 e
kind of a guess. seems like the odd number pictures have vertical lines and dots which are mirror images of each other. and 4 sided shapes seem to be horizontal lines, so id guess its not a 4 sided shape. e is the only one that fulfills all.

6: d
circle surrounding shape on left, y=x line. 2nd guess would be e cause positions of the 2 balls are similar to above picture, but i think the circle surrounding the shape is the more important rule.

7: already answered

8: b
call the little shape inside Y. dark Y from picture 2 top left, white Y from picture 1 bottom right.

9: already answered

10: already answered

11: c
has to be white balls to match lower right point of star. its not b because balls oriented wrong direction. not e for same reason

12: a
i think arrow is up and i think 2 white balls 1 gray 1 black.

13: e
kinda guessing cause im over it, but i think there should be >2 balls, middle gray, arrow towards right somewhere.

NewbSaibot: 18 TIMES THE SPEED OF LIGHT. Because FUCK YOU, DautLast edit: 13/09/2014 13:43

bigredhoss   Cook Islands. Sep 13 2014 13:45. Posts 8646


  On September 13 2014 12:15 gawdawaful wrote:
1 I went with D, each shape appears once horizontally.



just looked at the first problem but there's no heart shape in the second horizontal line

nvm daut explained it gg :S

Truck-Crash LifeLast edit: 13/09/2014 13:47

Daut    United States. Sep 13 2014 13:47. Posts 8950


  On September 13 2014 12:45 bigredhoss wrote:
Show nested quote +



just looked at the first problem but there's no heart shape in the second horizontal line


he worded it wrong. down triangle different from up triangle. no identical matches appears in a row

NewbSaibot: 18 TIMES THE SPEED OF LIGHT. Because FUCK YOU, Daut 

bigredhoss   Cook Islands. Sep 13 2014 13:51. Posts 8646

yea read your post after i hit submit

+ Show Spoiler +

Truck-Crash Life 

Daut    United States. Sep 13 2014 13:51. Posts 8950


  On September 13 2014 12:40 Daut wrote:
not looking at other responses before posting because i dont want to be influenced in any way. part of what makes these problems fun is that our brains see patterns in everything, so will be interesting to see what rules other people came up with.

1: d.
each row has 5 different elements. so cant contain a heart, star, or square. must be d.

2: a
every column has 2 squares. so first column must be a square, limiting to a or d. every column also has each other shape once, so 2nd column is circle, 3rd triangle, 4th hex.

3: d
this one was a guess. i suspect the shape is dark because the first arrow comes in from the bottom. and id guess its not a parallelogram cause all other shapes have equal angles, so i choose the pentagon.

4: e
the 1 dot pictures all had 2 white, 2 gray, 1 black. the 2 dot picture has 2 gray 2 black 1 white, so this should be the same. im not even looking at patterns cause decoding that shit seems harder and unnecessary.

5 e
kind of a guess. seems like the odd number pictures have vertical lines and dots which are mirror images of each other. and 4 sided shapes seem to be horizontal lines, so id guess its not a 4 sided shape. e is the only one that fulfills all.

6: d
circle surrounding shape on left, y=x line. 2nd guess would be e cause positions of the 2 balls are similar to above picture, but i think the circle surrounding the shape is the more important rule.

7: already answered

8: b
call the little shape inside Y. dark Y from picture 2 top left, white Y from picture 1 bottom right.

9: already answered

10: already answered

11: c
has to be white balls to match lower right point of star. its not b because balls oriented wrong direction. not e for same reason

12: a
i think arrow is up and i think 2 white balls 1 gray 1 black.

13: e
kinda guessing cause im over it, but i think there should be >2 balls, middle gray, arrow towards right somewhere.



read through thread, changing 11 to b. should be 2 balls, noticed another (unfilled triangles) doesnt align perfectly and they all add up to 6 or 7 total things.

NewbSaibot: 18 TIMES THE SPEED OF LIGHT. Because FUCK YOU, DautLast edit: 13/09/2014 13:52

julep   Australia. Sep 14 2014 13:38. Posts 1274

no. 3 : the white arrow is a clock face.so shape 1 is 3(triangle), 2 is 6(hexagon) etc

so d


julep   Australia. Sep 14 2014 13:57. Posts 1274

4 is b

vertical and horizontal line switching.
even and odd dot switching


julep   Australia. Sep 14 2014 14:00. Posts 1274


  On September 14 2014 12:57 julep wrote:
4 is b

vertical and horizontal line switching.
even and odd dot switching



this is 5


Daut    United States. Sep 14 2014 14:08. Posts 8950


  On September 14 2014 12:38 julep wrote:
no. 3 : the white arrow is a clock face.so shape 1 is 3(triangle), 2 is 6(hexagon) etc

so d



yup, good observation. in general, something like "clock face" is much more likely to be a rule than something abstract like angles. good question to ask yourself is "could an 8 year old figure this out?" 8 year olds know how to read a clock, not about angles


  On September 14 2014 13:00 julep wrote:
Show nested quote +



this is 5


no dots can also fulfill an even number of dots. i went with the fact that the other two were also mirror images to rule out the offset dots.

NewbSaibot: 18 TIMES THE SPEED OF LIGHT. Because FUCK YOU, Daut 

julep   Australia. Sep 14 2014 14:31. Posts 1274

13 is e. same logic as q3


julep   Australia. Sep 14 2014 14:36. Posts 1274



  On September 14 2014 13:00 julep wrote:
Show nested quote +



this is 5


no dots can also fulfill an even number of dots. i went with the fact that the other two were also mirror images to rule out the offset dots.[/QUOTE]

ahh makes sense


just4thispost   Belize. Aug 26 2015 02:18. Posts 1

if someone will be still interested, these are all the correct answers (although I know it is right, I could not understand the last one, any insight?):


1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.


hhse   Australia. Sep 01 2015 10:53. Posts 213

For 18. only A fits the logic of other squares.
For every horizontal line, there needs to be solid circle.


 
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